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CANCERS BY AGE IN MEN

Cancer is considered to be the second deadliest disease in the world. When cells become abnormal, divide uncontrollably, spread to any part of the body and destroy other tissues it becomes cancerous. Due to new methods of treatment the survival rate is also increasing. There is no particular age for cancer to start, children, women and men are liable to be affected with cancer. It’s also true that men are more prone because of certain life styles that they follow, especially as they age.

Men and Cancer

Always remind the men in your life that cancer risk can be minimized if proper health practices are followed and with regular check up.

Five Most Common Cancers in Men are

  1. Prostate Cancer
  2. Lung Cancer
  3. Colorectal Cancer
  4. Bladder Cancer.
  5. Melanoma ( Skin Cancer).

Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is detected in men above 65 years of age. Generally if there is a history of Prostate cancer in the family, from the age of 40 if an annual screening test can be done for early detection and treatment to reduce the risk factor.

Some cells the prostate gland become abnormal and begin to divide to grow, divide and live then causes cancer. It is a small walnut shaped gland that produces seminal fluid in the sperm. If diagnosed early it can be treated.

Symptoms

  1. The force in the stream of urine decreases, problem while urinating.
  2. Blood is seen in semen.
  3. There is discomfort in the pelvic region.
  4. Bone pain.

Treatment

Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Hormonal Therapy and cryosurgery.

Prevention

  1. Healthy diet like fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Avoid fatty-foods.
  2. Foods rich in vitamins and minerals.
  3. Exercise regularly, keep a check on your weight.
  4. Talk to a doctor about the risk factor of prostate cancer.

Lung Cancer

This cancer is mainly diagnosed in men 65 years and above, very rarely in younger men of 45 years of age.

Causes

When a tumor is formed in the lungs and grows uncontrollably.

  • Age is another cause-65 to 70 years.
  • Family history, if any immediate family had lung cancer, is also prone to get.
  • Smoking, is the main cause. Even passive smokers can get the disease. Heavy smokers and those who started smoking from a young age.
  • Exposure to asbestos( miners, mill workers) and other chemical(niclel, chromium, arsenic, dieselexhaust and air pollution)..
  • Exposure to a colourless, scent-less radioactive gas(Radon), found in houses.

Treatment

Surgery Wedge resection: removal of a small section of the lung.

Segmental resection: removal of a large portion of the lung.

Lobectomy: removing of the entire lobe of one lung.

Pnemonectomy: remove the entire lung.

Prevention

In spite of a number of campaigns and public awareness programmes are taken up still people take the risk of smoking extensively.

  • Those who quit smoking for 15 years, 80% to 90% of risk is reduced to get lung cancer. Medication and counseling will help to quit smoking and determination.
  •  Eating plenty of fruit, speaking to a health care provider, before changing the diet.
  • Regular exercise.
  • Certain medication 
  • But still none have been proven to stop from being effected.

Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer, is the third most common cancer in men worldwide and the second largest deaths that occur due to cancer is this disease. This is also the cause of death in gastrointestinal cancer. 90% of the people suffering with this disease are above 60 years of age. This cancer develops in the colon or rectum.

Causes for Colorectal Cancer

  1. Age is a common factor.
  2. Modern diet
  3. Smoking
  4. No physical exercise
  5. Obesity.

Symptoms

  1. Loss of appetite
  2.  Vomiting
  3. Changes in bowels habits.
  4. Bright or dark blood in stools.
  5. Abdominal discomfort, pain, bloating.

If all this continues for then two weeks, a doctor must be consulted.

Conventional treatments

  • Surgery.
  • Radiotherapy.
  • Chemotherapy.

These treatments are administered alone or together. But there is no guarantee that it will be cured completely. So, new treatments have come up, like

  • Immunotherapy.
  • Targeted therapies.
  • Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor(VEGF) Targeted Therapies.
  • Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) Targeted Therapies.

Prevention of Colorectal Cancers

  • Managing diet,decrease red and processed meat. Increase fiber- fruits, vegetables,whole grains.
  • Stay healthy & exercise.
  • Physical activity, reduce sitting and lying down frequently.
  • Reduce intake of alcohol or stop completely.
  • Quit smoking totally.

Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer is more common in men than in women, especially in older men, from the age of 55 to 73 years of age. Even now the reason is unknown why men are more prone to this disease than women.

Causes

  • Bladder Cancer develops, when a change takes place inside the DNA of certain cells, which grows uncontrollably and form tumors.
  • Smoking and usage of tobacco products.
  • Exposed to toxins- paint, metal, dyes, petroleum products and dangerous chemicals.

Symptoms

  1. Blood in urine, painful urination.
  2. Frequent urination
  3. Urinate a number of times at night.
  4. Feeling to urinate but do not pass.
  5. Lower back pain on one side of the body.

Treatment

  1. Surgery.
  2. Chemotherapy.
  3. Immunotherapy.
  4. Targeted therapy.
  5. Radiation therapy.

Melanoma ( Skin cancer)

Melanoma, is more common in men because they do not protect themselves from the sun, as women since they apply sunscreen lotions and make up. The age to get affected with this disease is from 50 to 80 years. Men also do not know much about skin cancer.

Causes

  • Men have thick skin with less fat, so more likely to be damaged by ultraviolet rays of the sun.
  • Men’s skin reacts more to UV rays.
  • Presence of more moles.
  • Brown birth mark-
  • Pale skin, that easily gets tanned.
  • Family history,
  • A previous organ transplant.

Symptoms

  1. Skin changes- anew spot or mole or existing  ones color, shape or size changes,
  2. A spot or sore- if becomes painful, itchy and soft or bleeds.
  3. A lump that looks shiny, smooth or pale.
  4. A flat red spot which is dry, rough or scaly.

Treatment

  • Surgery- lesion,  if melanoma covers a large area- skin grafting.
  • Radiation therapy.
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Immunotherapy.
  • Targeted therapy.

Prevention

  1. Put on a broad rimmed hat and sunglasses’
  2. Stay in the shade, avoiding sunburns..
  3. Wear long sleeved shirts and full pants when possible.
  4. When it is very hot, stay away from the sun.
  5. Apply sunscreen lotion.

The Rarest Cancer Among Men​

Unbelievable, but true. The rearest cancer in men is BREAST CANCER. It is a painless lump or there is a thickening in the breast tissue. There are changes in the skin covering the breast, like scaling, puckering, redness or dimpling. The nipple turns inward and the color also changes to red and scaling occurs. Sometimes it is common in older men.

 Treatment, is the breast tissue is removed. According to the situation Chemotherapy or Radiation therapy is recommended by the doctors.

Awareness of these five common cancers and other cancers which aged men are prone to is less. If diagnosed early and treated results would be better. Generally June month is assigned to spread the awareness of cancers among aged men.

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